Toluene charges, movies, frequencies and normal modes

The MOPAC-GUI is basically the same set of programs as the ADF-GUI. We suggest you start with the more general GUI tutorials if you are not familiar with the ADF-GUI.

Set up Toluene in MOPAC

Start ADFjobs
SCM → New Input
Switch to MOPAC mode (panel bar ADF → Mopac)

We will now make a Toluene molecule. Most conveniently this is done by simply searching for it:

Enter ‘toluene’ as search text
Select ‘Toluen’ (the second match) from the list of matches
Click once in the drawing area in empty space to clear the selection

Run interactively

In the Mopac Main panel you can see what options for MOPAC have been selected: by default a Geometry optimization will be performed, using the PM7 method. MOPAC will also calculate the bond orders, and the GUI will automatically update the molecular bonds using these calculated bond orders. To show this, we will first remove the bonds and then run MOPAC by pressing the Run button:

Bonds → Remove Bonds
Press the ‘Pre-optimize’ button

The geometry has been optimized, but as the starting geometry was very reasonable this did not lead to big changes. In the status area you can see the status of the MOPAC pre-optimization and the final heat of formation. And obviously the bonds reappeared. These bonds are actually based on the bond orders as calculated by MOPAC.

You can now also show the calculated atomic charges:

View → Atom Info → Atomic: Charge (mopac) → Show
Close all windows except ADFjobs (no need to save your setup)

Save job and results: movies, IR spectrum and normal modes

The previous section showed how to run MOPAC interactively, typically to be used as a pre-optimizer. However, you can also run the MOPAC calculation as a ‘regular’ job. Then the result files will be saved, and you can analyze them with the GUI tools.

SCM → New Input
Panel bar ADF → Mopac
Enter ‘toluene’ as search text
Select ‘Toluen’ (the second match) from the list of matches
Click once in the drawing area in empty space to clear the selection

Once again we have our Toluene molecule. We now request the calcualtion IR spectrum and normal modes:

In the main panel, select Followed by → Frequencies

Now to run it as a job simply use the Save and Run command from the menu:

File → Save, save the job with name ‘Toluene’
File → Run
When asked to read the new coordinates (when the calculation finishes), click Yes
SCM → Logfile

The logfile will show the progress of the calculation:

SCM → View
Properties → Atom Info → Atomic: Charge (mopac) → Show

Now for a geometry optimization it might be interesting to see a movie of the progress of the optimization:

Close the ADFoutput window
SCM → Movie
Graph → Energy

You can also use ADFmovie to get detailed information about the geometry (distances, angles and so on), just as for an ADF geometry optimization. If you don’t know how, check the more general GUI tutorials.

The calculated IR spectrum can be visualized via ADFSpectra:

SCM → Spectra
Click on the peak with the highest intensity, which is found around 2700-2800 cm-1.

The selected mode will be shown:

Browse through the normal modes using the left and right arrow key

Try the alternative method:
Click on the normal mode of interest in the table

SCM → Quit All