Highlights with ‘Relativistic DFT’

Main Group Elements as Transition Metals: Alkaline Earth Octacarbonyls with 18-electrons

Generally, main group elements prefer obeying the 8-electron rule; while the transition metal elements tend to follow the 18-electron rule. Recently, scientists reported the isolation and spectroscopic identification of the eight-coordinated alkaline earth carbonyl complexes...

SO-HALA NMR Chemical Shifts: General Trends Across the Periodic Table Explained with ADF

In a recently published JCTC article Jan Vicha and coworkers explain the SO-HALA (Spin-Orbit Heavy Atom on the Light Atom) NMR chemical shifts across the periodic table based on relativistic DFT calculations with spin-orbit coupling ZORA...

Benchmark: density functionals and settings for band gaps

Jetsabel Figueroa, MSc. student in the OptoElectronics group at the TU Delft, benchmarked band gap calculations with BAND. During her internship with SCM she made use of the python scripting tool PLAMS (see the script with...

Novel Thorium Arsenic Multiple Bonds

A recent Nature Communication paper reports thorium complexes with Th-As multiple bonds, stabilized by bulky triamidoamine ligands. The bonding interactions in the novel thorium arsinidiides (ThAs(H)K and ThAs(H)Th) and arsenido (ThAsTh) are studied with relativistic...

Covalent Bonding in Heavy Actinides

The separation of highly radioactive minor actinides from lanthanides and other fission products within the nuclear fuel cycle is crucial in both the recycling of used nuclear fuel and as a prelude to waste storage....

5f covalency in Americium hexachloride

The Cl K-edge XAS of Americium(III) Hexachloride were simulated and analyzed based on spin-orbit DFT transition dipole moment method. Direct evidence of 5f and 3p orbital mixing in Am–Cl bond was observed. Combining experimental Cl K-edge XAS and theoretical simulation, the comparison between AmCl63-...

8-coordinated fluoride inside a zeolite

The intriguing bonding interactions of fluoride inside a silicate double 4-ring (D4R) – a common zeolite unit- have been scrutinized with ADF in a recent paper by Goesten, Hoffmann, Bickelhaupt, and Hensen. As now theoretically shown, all halides prefer...

A general Pd-catalyzed pathway to β-lactams

In a recent Science paper the Gaunt group reports facile access to β-lactams via palladium-catalyzed coupling of aliphatic amines and carbon monoxide. The scope of the reaction is remarkably broad; over 40 substrates are illustrated, bearing a...

Spin Orbit Coupling effect on spin-forbidden reaction mechanisms

A spin forbidden reaction occurs with a change of the total electronic spin from reactants to products. The mechanistic study is therefore not trivial, since the reaction does not occur on a single adiabatic potential...

Surface activation of MAO

In a recent study, the interaction of various methylaluminoxane (MAO) models on the (110) MgCl2 surface were studied with dispersion corrected DFT (revPBE-D3) in ADF. MAO activates the metallocene catalyst, but the structure(s) of MAO are...