Highlights with ‘Relativistic DFT’

Covalent Bonding in Heavy Actinides

The separation of highly radioactive minor actinides from lanthanides and other fission products within the nuclear fuel cycle is crucial in both the recycling of used nuclear fuel and as a prelude to waste storage....

5f covalency in Americium hexachloride

The Cl K-edge XAS of Americium(III) Hexachloride were simulated and analyzed based on spin-orbit DFT transition dipole moment method. Direct evidence of 5f and 3p orbital mixing in Am–Cl bond was observed. Combining experimental Cl K-edge XAS and theoretical simulation, the comparison between AmCl63-...

8-coordinated fluoride inside a zeolite

The intriguing bonding interactions of fluoride inside a silicate double 4-ring (D4R) – a common zeolite unit- have been scrutinized with ADF in a recent paper by Goesten, Hoffmann, Bickelhaupt, and Hensen. As now theoretically shown, all halides prefer...

A general Pd-catalyzed pathway to β-lactams

In a recent Science paper the Gaunt group reports facile access to β-lactams via palladium-catalyzed coupling of aliphatic amines and carbon monoxide. The scope of the reaction is remarkably broad; over 40 substrates are illustrated, bearing a...

Spin Orbit Coupling effect on spin-forbidden reaction mechanisms

A spin forbidden reaction occurs with a change of the total electronic spin from reactants to products. The mechanistic study is therefore not trivial, since the reaction does not occur on a single adiabatic potential...

Surface activation of MAO

In a recent study, the interaction of various methylaluminoxane (MAO) models on the (110) MgCl2 surface were studied with dispersion corrected DFT (revPBE-D3) in ADF. MAO activates the metallocene catalyst, but the structure(s) of MAO are...

Single material transistor from 2D PdS2

Thomas Heine and coworkers computationally designed a logical junction made from a single material, PdS2. Uniquely, 2D transition metal dichalcogenide PdS2 is semiconducting as a monolayer (ML) while it is semimetallic as a bilayer (BL). By exploiting...

Counterion effect in NHC-gold(I)-catalyzed alkoxylation

Homogeneous gold catalysis has reached an extraordinary level of popularity within organic synthesis as a fundamental tool in the nucleophilic reactions of isolated π-systems, C-H  activation,  cross-couplings, photocatalysis and enantioselective transformations. Together with the ligand...

Intramolecular 6-electron photo-redox reactions

Oxidative addition and reductive elimination reactions of small molecules possessing high-order bonds (e.g. N2, O2, NO+) is of fundamental interest in transition metal chemistry. As a means to study the mechanism and intermediates of such...

Relativistic and dispersion effects on O2 activation by metallic nanoparticles

In a recent study from KAUST, the effects of relativity and dispersion interactions were quantified for O2 adsorption and dissociation on Cu38, Ag38 and Au38 nanoparticles (NPs).The results indicate that the barrier for O2 dissociation almost...