Highlights with ‘ReaxFF’

A ReaxFF force field for sodium intrusion in graphitic cathodes

A new force field has been developed to study sodium interactions in carbonaceous materials, using the MCFF Optimizer on ADF energies and MDC-q charges. With this force field important processes in sodium ion batteries and aluminium electrolysis...

Hydrogen embrittlement of steels: a ReaxFF study

Hydrogen embrittlement substantially decreases the mechanical strength of metallic systems, such as carbon steels, often leading to catastrophic failures in these materials. This is a particular problem for materials exposed to hydrogen, in particular the...

Dyes on TiO2: ReaxFF + TDDFT study

Reactive Molecular Dynamics simulations with ReaxFF have been used successfully in combination with Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) calculations to disclose structural features, aggregation characteristics, dynamics and spectroscopic properties of an organic dye adsorbed on a...

H2 production by PAH gasification

The gasification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in supercritical water has been studied with a DFT and ReaxFF. Supercritical water decreases the barrier for the rate-determining ring opening of PAHs by over 550 kJ/mol, thereby accelerating...

Characterizing aqueous cysteine in bulk and at the surface

Reactive molecular dynamics simulations (ReaxFF) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to investigate both the bulk and the surface distribution of cysteine species in aqueous solution. Experimentally, the protonation state of cysteine, which in water...

Cysteine nanodroplet on a titania surface

Molecular Dynamic simulations based on a reactive force field (ReaxFF) have been shown to be the most appropriate method to characterize the adsorption of droplets of cysteine molecules on TiO2 rutile (110) slabs producing results...

ReaxFF molecular dynamics simulations on lithium sulfur batteries

Understanding of the structural, and kinetic behavior of the sulfur cathode materials are crucial for designing high performance Li-S batteries. In a recent study, ReaxFF molecular dynamics simulations has been utilized to study sulfur cathode...

ReaxFF: Teflon coating reduces Li-S battery electrolyte decomposition

Lithium released from the anode is a highly exothermic process in lithium-sulfur batteries, and as such can lead to reactions with the electrolyte. In a recent ReaxFF study, the lithium discharge from a single-walled carbon...

Oriented Attachment of TiO2 Nanocrystals

The growth of TiO2 nano-particles has been studied with reactive molecular dynamics (ReaxFF) by researchers from Penn State. While in vacuum the particles aggregate in the orientation of approach, in aqueous phase the nanocrystals have...

Water adsorption and dissociation on titania surfaces with ReaxFF

Researchers from Penn State studied the adsorption and dissociation of water on various anatase surfaces and rutile (110) at various coverages with a newly developed reactive force field. The reactive MD calculations agree with previous...