Highlights with ‘catalysis’

Surface activation of MAO

In a recent study, the interaction of various methylaluminoxane (MAO) models on the (110) MgCl2 surface were studied with dispersion corrected DFT (revPBE-D3) in ADF. MAO activates the metallocene catalyst, but the structure(s) of MAO are...

Counterion effect in NHC-gold(I)-catalyzed alkoxylation

Homogeneous gold catalysis has reached an extraordinary level of popularity within organic synthesis as a fundamental tool in the nucleophilic reactions of isolated π-systems, C-H  activation,  cross-couplings, photocatalysis and enantioselective transformations. Together with the ligand...

Highly accelerated strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloadditions

In a joint experimental-theoretical effort reported in Nature Communications, highly accelerated azide-cycoalkyne have been achieved and analyzed with DFT. The ‘click’ type reaction has also been demonstrated in a one-pot three-component protein labeling reaction and...

Relativistic and dispersion effects on O2 activation by metallic nanoparticles

In a recent study from KAUST, the effects of relativity and dispersion interactions were quantified for O2 adsorption and dissociation on Cu38, Ag38 and Au38 nanoparticles (NPs).The results indicate that the barrier for O2 dissociation almost...

Zeolite-catalyzed hydrolysis: DFT/DFTB calculations

The catalytic hydrolysis of propylene oxide in ZSM-5 was investigated using multi-layered ADF/DFTB calculations with QUILD. Using dispersion-corrected DFT (BP86-D3) at the high level and third-order DFTB (DFTB3) at the low level,  both monopropylene glycol and dipropylene...

Insights into the components of MAO mixtures

Methylaluminoxane (MAO) is one of the most commonly utilized co-catalysts in the single-site production of polyolefins catalyzed by metallocenes. However, its exact structure has eluded experimental characterization because of the dynamic equilibrium between various species...

Catalytic oxygenation by Ruthenium Polyoxometalates

The catalytic oxydation of DMSO has been established with ruthenium polyoxometalates (POMs). The catalytic cycle has been revealed through a combination of experiments and theory, with the key intermediate established by relativistic DFT calculations as a POM-dimer...

Gold-Carbon Bonding in Gold-Alkynyl Complexes

Researchers from Brown University and Tsinghua University investigated and analyzed the chemical bonding between gold and carbon in gold-alkynyl complexes combining photoelectron spectroscopy and relativistic quantum chemical calculations. The importance of this work for understanding...

Nonlinear (d)10 dicoordinated transition metal complexes

In a cover-featured article, Lando Wolters and Matthias Bickelhaupt have analyzed the bonding mechanism in a series of d10 transition metal complexes ML2 with ADF. There is a subtle interplay between interligand steric (Pauli) repulsion...

Relativistic DFT locates 13C NMR signal of dirhodium carbene

DFT predictions by Jochen Autschbach helped to characterize a long sought-after dirhodium donor-acceptor carbene, an important reaction intermediate in various organic transformations. The NMR modules in ADF, by Jochen and others, was used to calculate the...