Highlights with ‘oil & gas’

Developers Tomáš Trnka (ReaxFF) and Nick Austin (COSMO-RS) join SCM

The SCM team is very pleased to welcome Dr. Tomáš Trnka and Dr. Nick Austin per 1 September 2017, as Horizon 2020 SME innovation associates. Tomáš is finalizing his PhD in biomolecular chemistry with Prof....

Promoters in Fischer-Tropsch catalysis

The Fischer-Tropsch reaction aims at synthesizing lower olefins (C2-C4 alkenes) from synthesis gas (CO + H2). In this reaction, typically large amounts of methane are formed as an unwanted side product. In a combined experimental and theoretical study, computational...

Hydrogen embrittlement of steels: a ReaxFF study

Hydrogen embrittlement substantially decreases the mechanical strength of metallic systems, such as carbon steels, often leading to catastrophic failures in these materials. This is a particular problem for materials exposed to hydrogen, in particular the...

Surface activation of MAO

In a recent study, the interaction of various methylaluminoxane (MAO) models on the (110) MgCl2 surface were studied with dispersion corrected DFT (revPBE-D3) in ADF. MAO activates the metallocene catalyst, but the structure(s) of MAO are...

H2 production by PAH gasification

The gasification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in supercritical water has been studied with a DFT and ReaxFF. Supercritical water decreases the barrier for the rate-determining ring opening of PAHs by over 550 kJ/mol, thereby accelerating...

Zeolite-catalyzed hydrolysis: DFT/DFTB calculations

The catalytic hydrolysis of propylene oxide in ZSM-5 was investigated using multi-layered ADF/DFTB calculations with QUILD. Using dispersion-corrected DFT (BP86-D3) at the high level and third-order DFTB (DFTB3) at the low level,  both monopropylene glycol and dipropylene...

Insights into the components of MAO mixtures

Methylaluminoxane (MAO) is one of the most commonly utilized co-catalysts in the single-site production of polyolefins catalyzed by metallocenes. However, its exact structure has eluded experimental characterization because of the dynamic equilibrium between various species...

Gas Solubility in Ionic Liquids

In a recent Chemical Reviews paper researchers from the Beijing University of Chemical Technology have reviewed various models for predicting solubility of gases in ionic liquids (ILs), with a focus on CO2. The predictions of...

COSMO-SAC-2013: Improved thermodynamic properties predictions

Xiong, Sandler, and Burnett (Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware) recently reported a new COSMO-SAC-2013 model, with parameters also available for the COSMO-RS implementation in ADF. With a single set of universal parameters, COSMO-SAC-2013 provides higher accuracy than previous...

Relativistic DFT locates 13C NMR signal of dirhodium carbene

DFT predictions by Jochen Autschbach helped to characterize a long sought-after dirhodium donor-acceptor carbene, an important reaction intermediate in various organic transformations. The NMR modules in ADF, by Jochen and others, was used to calculate the...