Highlights with ‘Dispersion’

A ReaxFF force field for sodium intrusion in graphitic cathodes

A new force field has been developed to study sodium interactions in carbonaceous materials, using the MCFF Optimizer on ADF energies and MDC-q charges. With this force field important processes in sodium ion batteries and aluminium electrolysis...

A general Pd-catalyzed pathway to β-lactams

In a recent Science paper the Gaunt group reports facile access to β-lactams via palladium-catalyzed coupling of aliphatic amines and carbon monoxide. The scope of the reaction is remarkably broad; over 40 substrates are illustrated, bearing a...

Surface activation of MAO

In a recent study, the interaction of various methylaluminoxane (MAO) models on the (110) MgCl2 surface were studied with dispersion corrected DFT (revPBE-D3) in ADF. MAO activates the metallocene catalyst, but the structure(s) of MAO are...

Relativistic and dispersion effects on O2 activation by metallic nanoparticles

In a recent study from KAUST, the effects of relativity and dispersion interactions were quantified for O2 adsorption and dissociation on Cu38, Ag38 and Au38 nanoparticles (NPs).The results indicate that the barrier for O2 dissociation almost...

Zeolite-catalyzed hydrolysis: DFT/DFTB calculations

The catalytic hydrolysis of propylene oxide in ZSM-5 was investigated using multi-layered ADF/DFTB calculations with QUILD. Using dispersion-corrected DFT (BP86-D3) at the high level and third-order DFTB (DFTB3) at the low level,  both monopropylene glycol and dipropylene...

Insights into the components of MAO mixtures

Methylaluminoxane (MAO) is one of the most commonly utilized co-catalysts in the single-site production of polyolefins catalyzed by metallocenes. However, its exact structure has eluded experimental characterization because of the dynamic equilibrium between various species...

Modeling Ditopic ion-pair receptors with ADF and QUILD

While nucleobase quartets are known today for all natural nucleobases and combinations of these, no reports of anion-binding properties of natural nucleobase quartets are known. In a recent communication, Tushar van der Wijst, Célia Fonseca...

Quantitative AFM with CO-terminated tips

Very recent atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements using carbon monoxide terminated tips have shown spectacular atomic resolution imaging on organic molecules. The image formation mechanism and the role of molecular relaxation in force spectroscopy experiments...

Modeling the hydrogen bonds, pi-stacking and solvent effects in DNA

In a recent paper in ChemComm, researchers in Spain and the Netherlands have used a combination of ADF features to unravel the factors behind the fidelity in chemical, template-assisted primer extension. The analyses therein, based...

Hydrogen bonds in guanine quartets: cooperative effects

The cooperative reinforcement between hydrogen bonds in Guanine quartets (G4) are not caused by resonance-assisted hydrogen bonding (RAHB). Extensive energy decomposition and Kohn-Sham MO and analyses by Fonseca Guerra (VU Amsterdam) et al. reveal that...