Highlights with ‘Reactivity’

Highly accelerated strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloadditions

In a joint experimental-theoretical effort reported in Nature Communications, highly accelerated azide-cycoalkyne have been achieved and analyzed with DFT. The ‘click’ type reaction has also been demonstrated in a one-pot three-component protein labeling reaction and...

Intramolecular 6-electron photo-redox reactions

Oxidative addition and reductive elimination reactions of small molecules possessing high-order bonds (e.g. N2, O2, NO+) is of fundamental interest in transition metal chemistry. As a means to study the mechanism and intermediates of such...

Growth Mechanism of Small Endohedral Metallofullerenes

In two recent combined experimental and computational studies, the optimal cage for each endohedral metallofullerene within the families Ti@C2n and Ca@C2n has been identified and key aspects of the intriguing growth mechanisms of fullerenes were unravelled....

Zeolite-catalyzed hydrolysis: DFT/DFTB calculations

The catalytic hydrolysis of propylene oxide in ZSM-5 was investigated using multi-layered ADF/DFTB calculations with QUILD. Using dispersion-corrected DFT (BP86-D3) at the high level and third-order DFTB (DFTB3) at the low level,  both monopropylene glycol and dipropylene...

Intersystem crossing through spin-orbit coupling in Os(II) complexes

The Os(fipz)(tfa)(CO)3 (tfa = trifluoroacetate, fipz=3-trifluoromethyl-5-(1-isoquinolinyl)-1,2-pyrazole) complex shows excitation-dependent emission quantum yield. The higher-energy excitation (< 340 nm) contributes more to phosphorescence than fluorescence, implying stronger intersystem crossing (ISC) for highly excited singlet states. Theoretical...

ReaxFF molecular dynamics simulations on lithium sulfur batteries

Understanding of the structural, and kinetic behavior of the sulfur cathode materials are crucial for designing high performance Li-S batteries. In a recent study, ReaxFF molecular dynamics simulations has been utilized to study sulfur cathode...

Insights into the components of MAO mixtures

Methylaluminoxane (MAO) is one of the most commonly utilized co-catalysts in the single-site production of polyolefins catalyzed by metallocenes. However, its exact structure has eluded experimental characterization because of the dynamic equilibrium between various species...

ReaxFF: Teflon coating reduces Li-S battery electrolyte decomposition

Lithium released from the anode is a highly exothermic process in lithium-sulfur batteries, and as such can lead to reactions with the electrolyte. In a recent ReaxFF study, the lithium discharge from a single-walled carbon...

Catalytic oxygenation by Ruthenium Polyoxometalates

The catalytic oxydation of DMSO has been established with ruthenium polyoxometalates (POMs). The catalytic cycle has been revealed through a combination of experiments and theory, with the key intermediate established by relativistic DFT calculations as a POM-dimer...

Uranyl nanocapsules: structure & stability

A combined experimental and theoretical exploration of uranyl nanoclusters is the recent cover piece of Chem. Eur. J.  Uranyl polyoxometalates from 28 units (U28) form nanocapsules that are stabilized by the anion they encapsulate. In this study...