Vibrational frequencies and IR spectrum of ethane¶
Create an ethane molecule¶
- 1. Open AMSinput
Next we create an ethane molecule:
You need to add hydrogen twice: the first time one carbon atom was selected. Thus, the ‘Add Hydrogen’ command added the hydrogen to that selected atom only. By repeating the ‘Add Hydrogen’ command the hydrogens are added in all possible places.
The symmetrization should have enforced perfect D(3D) symmetry, using the Symmol program (see the help balloon on that button for details).
Geometry optimization and vibrational frequencies calculation¶
- In the main ADF panel:1. Select Task → Geometry Optimization2. Check the Frequencies check-box
Now run the calculation:
- In AMSinput1. In the menu bar, select File → Run (give your calculation a nice name, e.g. ‘ethane’)Wait for the calculation to finish (check the logfile)…2. In the dialog that appears when the calculation is finished, click ‘Yes’ to import the optimized geometry
Visualize the IR-spectrum, normal modes¶
The IR spectrum can be visualized using the AMSspectra module.
- In AMSinput1. In the menu bar Select SCM → Spectra
On the left side of the window the molecule (Ethane) is shown.
On the right side the IR spectrum is shown.
- save a picture (of the IR spectrum) as an image: File → Save Image… (PNG by default)
- export the xy coordinates of the spectrum to a plain text file: File → Export XY Values….
- export the peak positions and intensities to a plain text file: File → Export XY Peaks….
- Increase the spectral linewidth (Width box beneath spectrum) to obtain a spectrum that looks better.
Below the spectrum window a table is shown with details about the peaks.
You can click on a peak in the spectrum, or select a line in the table:
- 1. Click on the mode with the intensity (approximately 58 km/mol) in the table
The atoms of the molecule should be animated according to the selected normal mode (see also the options in the Play menu in the menu bar).
To view another normal mode, you can use the left and right arrow keys to move through them.
You can make the displacements larger or smaller via menu commands, or via the up and down arrow keys on the keyboard (after clicking in the graph or molecule window).
To show the normal mode as vectors:
- 1. Click in the molecule window to make sure it has input focus2. Click on Play → Displacement Vectors to visualize the normal mode with vectors
You can make the vectors larger or smaller using the same ctrl/cmd-L/K, or arrow up and down.
You can also visualize the normal mode in AMSmovie (which offers some extra options, e.g. you can make an mpg movie showing the mode)
- In the menu bar, select Play → Open Mode In AMSmovie
In AMSmovie you have some extra advanced options, for example you can make an mpg movie showing the mode.
You can close all open AMS-GUI windows by selecting in the menu bar SCM → Quit All,