# Periodic Energy Decomposition Analysis - PEDA¶

This tutorial will teach you how to perform a Periodic Energy Decomposition Analysis (PEDA) for periodic systems with BAND.

## Set up the system - CO@MgO(sqrt(2)xsqrt(2))¶

Start AMSinput in a clean directory and switch to Band:

1. Switch to the BAND panel:
2. Copy-paste the following coordinates directly into AMSinput
Mg       0.59538358       0.59538226       0.20750000
Mg       2.08384335      -0.89307752      -1.89750000
Mg      -2.38153597       0.59538226       0.20750000
Mg      -0.89307620      -0.89307752      -1.89750000
O        2.08384335      -0.89307752       0.20750000
O       -0.89307620      -0.89307752       0.20750000
O        0.59538358       0.59538226      -1.89750000
O       -2.38153597       0.59538226      -1.89750000
O        0.59538553       0.59539200       3.95250000
C        0.59538493       0.59538903       2.80750000
VEC1     2.97691955      -2.97691955       0.00000000
VEC2     2.97691955       2.97691955       0.00000000


## Set up the PEDA calculation¶

To run the PEDA for the adsorption of CO on MgO, you have to define the fragments. Therefore switch to Regions menu.

1. Panel bar Model → Regions
2. Select the CO fragment and add a new region by clicking on the ‘+’ button (or Ctrl+G)
3. De-select the currently selected atoms by clicking in an empty space of the molecule drawing area
4. Select the MgO fragment and add a new region by clicking on the ‘+’ button (or Ctrl+G)
5. You may want to rename “Region_1” to CO and “Region_2” to MgO. (optional)

We now enable the PEDA calculation:

1. Panel bar MultiLevel → Fragments
2. check the “Use fragments” box. This will trigger the PEDA.

Go back to the main panel set some calculation options for BAND:

1. Panel bar Main
2. XC Functional → GGA → PBE
3. Basis set → DZP
4. Frozen core → Small
5. Numerical quality → Basic (this is just to make the calculation run faster! For production results, don’t use “basic” numerical quality)

## Run the calculation check the results¶

Now you can save and run the calculation:

File → Save, give it a name and press Save.
File → Run

After the calculations of the fragments and the PEDA finished you can look for the PEDA results. Open the “Output” using the SCM dropdown menu:

SCM → Output

You can jump to the ‘PEDA Energy Terms’ via the corresponding button in the ‘Properties’ drop-down menu.

Properties → PEDA Energy Terms

Reference results:

In addition to these energy terms the summed preparation energies of the fragments and the (negative) bond dissociation energy are usually given. Therefore you have to calculate the energy difference between the electronically and structurally relaxed fragments (which can be accessed by a geometry optimization of the separated fragments) and the promoted fragments (which are already calculated and used for the PEDA). Adding this energy difference, which is equal to the preparation energy, to the interaction energy will give you the negative bond dissociation energy.